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A Fresh Approach to Healthcare, Grounded in History

Kaiser Permanente stands for life-changing healthcare, pioneering medical innovation, clinical excellence, and world-class medical education.

Kaiser Permanente’s celebrated history began in the early 1930s, when the company was founded to fill the enormous societal need for affordable care, setting the stage for its long-standing commitment to healthcare for all. From our leadership in racial integration to our groundbreaking use of technology in health records, Kaiser Permanente has been a recognized leader in medicine for decades.

In fact, as President Barack Obama signed landmark healthcare reform into law in 2010, he said, “If we could get our healthcare system across the board to hit the efficiency levels of a Kaiser Permanente, we actually would have solved our problems.” 

In addition to providing exceptional care, Kaiser Permanente has been educating medical students and residents since 1946. To build on this legacy of historic service to students, patients, and communities, we are opening the Kaiser Permanente School of Medicine in 2020.

Our Story


Dr. Sidney R. Garfield opens a clinic for workers on the Colorado River Aqueduct. In California's Mojave Desert, he embraces then-new healthcare concepts, including group medical practice, prepayment of services, a focus on prevention, and a one-stop shop for convenient care and resources.


Dr. Garfield provides healthcare for workers on the Grand Coulee Dam through a new, course-setting partnership with industrialist Henry J. Kaiser. Dr. Garfield modernizes the hospital to offer a prepaid health plan, group medicine, and integrated services to the workers’ families.


Mr. Kaiser and his wife Bess establish the Permanente Foundation to charitably support his hospital and medical research.

1942 - 45

Thousands of lives are saved, productivity is boosted, and World War II victory is aided by Dr. Garfield’s healthcare plan for 190,000 Kaiser shipyard workers, many of whom are women, disabled, and people of color.


Kaiser Health Plan opens to the public, with modern hospitals and an efficient medical model presenting a dramatic improvement in American healthcare.


Kaiser Health Plan enters the education space, as medical students from across the country rotate into its medical centers. Residents from affiliated programs complete their education with Kaiser Health Plan, while the organization offers its own residency programs in more than 30 specialties.


To address a postwar nursing shortage, the Permanente Foundation opens a school of nursing. Tuition is initially free to students, and the school is racially integrated.


Kaiser Health Plan enters an exclusive partnership with The Permanente Medical Group to provide medical services to members.


Kaiser’s postwar hospitals and service remain racially integrated, despite criticism.


Under first director Dr. Morris Collen, the Northern California research department receives its first grant from the U.S. Public Health Service to use computers to automate and evaluate multiphasic examinations, marking a major milestone for medical data.


Kaiser Permanente again leads the way by advocating smoking cessation in its buildings and member magazine "Planning for Health."


More than 1 million Kaiser Permanente members have early versions of electronic medical records, technology that’s decades ahead of its time.


The Permanente Medical Groups form The Permanente Federation LLC to represent their shared interests in providing high-quality, affordable care. The Federation serves as the key partner on behalf of the medical groups with Kaiser Foundation Health Plan and Kaiser Foundation Hospitals on initiatives that demonstrate how Permanente Medicine is the answer to health, healthcare, and wellness in America.


Marking a leap forward in labor relations, Kaiser Permanente and the Coalition of Kaiser Permanente Unions strike a groundbreaking agreement with the Labor Management Partnership, the largest of its kind in the U.S. The Partnership’s advancements remain in effect today, involving front-line staff in decision-making for continuous improvement in healthcare affordability, service, and quality.


The digitization of millions of inpatient and outpatient records is completed across hundreds of Kaiser Permanente facilities in the U.S.


The Kaiser Permanente School of Medicine becomes a legal non-profit entity with a Board of Directors. Representatives begin collecting the most innovative and successful educational practices in use from elite medical schools across the country. These techniques are incorporated into the School’s curriculum, which now enters the early stages of design to fulfill the School’s mission, vision, and values.

A headshot of Mark Schuster.


Mark A. Schuster, MD, PhD, is hired as the School’s Founding Dean. The School begins the process to become an accredited and licensed institution.


Mark Schuster, MD, PhD, Founding Dean and CEO of Kaiser Permanente School of Medicine assembles a distinguished senior leadership team composed of a world-class, multidisciplinary, and diverse group of leaders to oversee the planning, design, and implementation of the School.